All about foundation types
It is no secret that the construction of any object – whether it is a house or a garage, begins with the foundation. The first thing you do is to fill the foundation. Since there are several basic types of foundation, you can choose the appropriate one, knowing the type of soil in the area.
Foundation work also varies and depends on natural data. When you determine the type of soil, you can begin to carry out design calculations of the building’s gravity. Only now, when you have the calculations in hand, you can begin to make the foundation.
The process of making the foundation is also divided into several sub-processes. First it is necessary to perform excavation work for the foundation, which includes digging trenches and drilling wells. Then you can begin pouring the foundation, the installation of supporting structures, providing moisture and thermal insulation.
If you want to build a wooden house, then the best option would be the foundation of the column type. This type of foundation is the fastest and easiest. To build it, you need to dig a hole in the more loaded places and corners of the house structure, and fill it with crushed stone. It turns out that you save on pouring the foundation. The final step will be the installation of concrete posts.
If there is groundwater flowing under the plot, then it is recommended to use a pile foundation. You need to screw sharpened piles into the ground to make it work. As with a pillar foundation, pouring in this case is not necessary. The load-bearing capacity of the ground also has no effect.
The most reliable would be a strip foundation. To build it we will need a trench, perform the construction of sandy cushion and pour the required amount of mortar – the foundation, and reinforced concrete blocks. Please note that the concrete is better to order at the plant. In this case, you will be assured of its quality. The cost of working on the foundation will be up to 20% of the cost of the entire building.
Solid foundation consisting of a monolithic plate should be used when the soil on the site has the ability to move.
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