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Oxygen. Its function and use in medicine

Oxygen is perhaps the most important element in the human body, without which there can simply be no talk of further existence. In atmospheric air, the dose of oxygen is determined by all devices as 21 percent. But with various diseases, a person may need to receive higher percentage of oxygen. Most often, these diseases are associated with damage to the pulmonary system or system, which is responsible for the binding and transfer of oxygen molecules by the body.

It is also useful for a healthy person to receive increased concentrations of this unique substance. Since hyperventilation with a high percentage of oxygen can affect the structural units of the lungs, the so -called oxygen cocktail is used for prevention. When using it, oxygen penetrates the body as sparingly as possible.

But most often I use oxygen only in medical institutions and then in vital indications. The main niche of oxygen is the resuscitation department. After all, a huge amount of serious diseases causes a detrimental effect on the respiratory center, and this requires the supply of oxygen. Also in postoperative patients who are on the hardware breathing of the concentration of incoming oxygen reach 80 and even 100 percent.

To get such doses of pure O2 use an oxygen concentrator. This is a device that can adsorb nitrogen from ordinary air and give out exceptionally pure oxygen. A big plus of it is the efficiency and relative cheapness of the production of such a valuable gas for separation of resuscitation and intensive therapy. It is advisable to use oxygen concentrate at the place of residence for people who have long have a diagnosis associated with the cardiopulmonary system. For example, patients with bronchial asthma.

To measure associated oxygen in the body, pulsoximeters are used – devices that are dressed on the finger or earlobe of the patient and pass through it a luminous flux. Based on the throughput system, a conclusion is made about the patient’s saturation. With the reduction of which, an increased intake of oxygen into the body in various ways is prescribed.